Java or Python: Which Programming Language Should I Learn First?

Java and Python have widely used programming languages with their advantages and disadvantages. The option between the two is determined by the specific use case and the project’s goals. You could start with Python or Java when it involves learning OOP languages. However, when it comes to simplicity and efficiency in applications like gaming, prototyping, image processing, etc., companies want to Hire Python programmers in India to carry out their tasks.

About Java

Java is a more versatile and powerful programming language as compared to Python. It can help make the code quite robust and error-free. Because it is a statically typed language, the data type of a variable is indicated at the time of declaration. Java has an extensive ecosystem of libraries and tools, and it has been widely used during Android app development, enterprise applications, and big data.


  • Faster performance
  • The syntax is tough to read
  • It is a little tricky to learn
  • It is statically typed
  • It is ideal for Enterprise and Embedded systems

Types of applications:

  • Middleware Applications
  • Embedded Systems
  • Enterprise Solutions
  • Desktop Application

About Python

Python, on the contrary, is identified for its convenience and simplicity. It is a dynamically typed language, meaning a variable’s data type is defined at runtime. It can make writing and testing code faster. Python is well-known in data analysis, scientific computing, and machine learning. It is also a potential language to learn because of the accessibility of Python powerful libraries like SciPy, NumPy, and scikit-learn.


  • Slower performance
  • The syntax is easy to read
  • It is easy to learn
  • It is statically typed
  • It is ideal for Data and Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence

Types of applications:

  • Image Processing
  • Games
  • Prototyping
  • Machine Learning Application
  • Language Development
  • Operating System

Phyton takes an edge for beginners

Python is preferred as a beginner’s first language. Python is more user-friendly and straightforward to learn than Java. If you’re starting in programming, invariably start with Python. If you’re starting with coding, you may want to begin with Python since it is easier to learn. It’s simpler and more concise, whereas Java has more complex lines of code.

Java has an advantage

Python could be a better first programming language to tutor; Java, on the other hand, is. It is because Java is significantly more explicit and stringent than Python. To initialize a variable in Java, you should specify its type. In Python, you can give a value a name without specifying its type.

Some observations made with Java and Phyton:

  • Python does not require any “installation.” Every Linux and Mac machine already has a complete Python environment. Python will continue to stay on Linux because the program yum, or the Yellowdog Updater, Modified, is written in it. Java necessitates a significant amount of setup. So, to get initiated with Python programming, type Python at the prompt. Now. That’s all. It is best to contact someone familiar with it To start learning Java.
  • All Java-based systems require specific versions of Java to be installed, but thick clients of these systems must also meet this requirement. Java support is costly. Nobody expects configuration management to be a problem with Phyton systems. From the standpoint of education, it is a big way to become frustrated.
  • Python has its peculiarities. Every object in Java must represent a particular class, but Python’s “variables” have their flavor. Variables do not depict objects or serve as pointers or references. Learning could be more challenging for those just starting with programming.
  • Several businesses are saddled with a large amount of legacy Python code. As a result, Python needs to understand how strict or loose the typing system is and how stringently it is enforced. Remember that Python primarily works with the “names” of objects. Python does provide some relatively smooth type conversions, which can give the impression that the idea of types is less stringent than it is. It makes sense, to begin with Python 3.
  • Python is terser than Java.

Bottom Line

Python and Java are the most demanding languages. Java is an excellent language with a large ecosystem and a mature set of libraries that is well suited to large-scale enterprise applications as well as the development of Android apps. Python is more approachable and easier to learn, making it ideal for machine learning and data science projects, in addition to scientific computing and scripting. This is where companies Hire Python programmers big time. Your specific requirements and project goals will determine the choice between Java and Python. Both languages offer advantages and disadvantages, and both have strong communities of developers and libraries to assist you in developing robust and efficient applications.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button